A World Without God – Darwin’s Theory
By the early 1800s some scientists were proposing new theories about the origin of life on earth. Theories that conflicted with traditional creationism. In December of 1831 the HMS Beagle set sail from England on a five-year voyage around the world. Aboard the survey ship as an unpaid naturalist was 22-year-old Charles Darwin.
Darwin’s observations and conclusions would revolutionize the conventional view of our origins. At the time, the view was that God had created, specifically for each environment, the animals and plants that fit into it.
But, Darwin theorized, that if that were true, then one oceanic island ought to represent any other oceanic island. What Darwin found was that none of the oceanic islands looked anything alike. The animals that he would find on oceanic islands, were most similar to the nearest continent, not to other oceanic islands.
Darwin’s most significant discoveries took place while he was visiting the Galapagos Islands. More than 1000 km, or 600 miles, off the west coast of Ecuador. Darwin discovered animal species that were unique to that archipelago.
He also noted distinct variations between similar animals on different islands. Darwin returned to the main island where he was staying while visiting the Galapagos Islands, and took out a tortoiseshell he had collected to examine it.
One of the locals approached him and asked him how he liked his visit to “whatever the island’s name was”, and Darwin asked him how he could possibly know which island he’d been visiting that day.
To his amazement the local man told him that he knew because each island had tortoises with unique shells, and that he recognized the shell that Darwin was examining. Darwin was amazed by this.
The first edition of it was sold out the first day and five subsequent editions with revisions followed. Often referred to as “the book that shook the world”, it helped pioneer modern scientific thought about our origins.
Using Darwin’s theories of evolution as a starting point, scientists and philosophers have developed their own answers to our questions about our beginnings. Today, there are many variations on Darwin’s theme. Among evolutionary scientists there is the Big Bang theory.
This is been widely accepted by many as the beginning of our universe as we know it. This theory suggests that all the matter that coexists in the universe is derived from a tightly compressed, incredibly hot mass made up of subatomic particles that exploded somewhere in the 10 billion to 15 billion years ago time-frame.
That tremendous blast of creative energy set our universe in motion. And, it eventually gave birth to galaxies, stars, and planets, and ultimately to every form of life and matter within the universe.
George Murphy, PhD (Physicist and Theologian) said:
“Today, the way scientists talk about this, the Big Bang really is the whole universe. And, that it’s space itself that’s actually expanding, creating new space in the course of time. If we think of ourselves as being able to witness creation from God’s perspective, creation probably did appear as an explosion from the center outwards.”
The theory of evolution teaches that life on earth evolved over vast periods of time, with simple single celled forms developing into complex organisms purely by blind chance through a process of trial and error. This is the “process” that Charles Darwin called “Natural Selection”.
Darwin said, essentially, that there were four steps.
- Variations Exist – no two individuals in a population are ever exactly alike
- Generations Overproduce – every generation more young are born then can possibly live till the next year, leading to the struggle for existence (the competition)
- Survival of the Fittest – the fittest are simply those who have variations that give them an advantage
- Variations Are Inherited – so the offspring that survive, reproduce, and their offspring are more likely to have these fit variations
So, are we the unplanned and accidental result of evolution and natural selection, or are we the handiwork of the supreme being, the author of the Koran, or the author of the Bible? Do we owe our existence to the Aztecs Babylonian gods? Or perhaps, some alien creatures from outer space? What is the truth?
Today the theory of evolution is presented to schoolchildren, and promoted in the media as if it were proven fact. The truth of the matter is however, that the theory of evolution is just that, a theory. It’s scientific foundations are actually very shaky.
“The popular conception of a triumphant Darwin, increasingly confident after 1859 in his views of evolution, is a travesty. On the contrary, by the time the last edition of “The Origin” was published in 1872, he had become plagued with self-doubt, and frustrated by his inability to refute many of the objections that have been leveled at his theory.”
Darwin’s theory of “natural selection” couldn’t be tested in his time due to the limitations of the scientific equipment in his day. Today, scientists are able to study the complicated systems inside even the simplest single cell organisms.
Earl Aagaard, PhD and Professor of Biology at Pacific Union College said:
“Many people think of single cell organisms as being less complex then multi-cellular organisms. Darwin thought so, and he thought that the first organism was a cell. However, Darwin can be excused for thinking so because he lacked the equipment to look inside the cell and see what was going on.
Now that we have that equipment, we can look inside single cells and see their enormous complexity. Amoebas move like we move. We have muscles, they have micro filament.
We digest our food, we do respiration, but so does the amoeba. They’re much smaller than we are, and they only have one cell, but they do everything that we do and they are just as complex.”